Caitlin Hackett "Remnants"
About 20 species of Hawaiian honeycreeper have become extinct in the recent past, and almost all of them are endangered. The ‘i'iwi is now considered to be vulnerable because it is rare on several of the Hawaiian islands and has disappeared entirely from another. Because of their specific feeding adaptations, they are vulnerable to the habitat loss that comes with real estate development. All the honeycreepers are highly susceptible to infection from introduced diseases such as avian malaria, avian influenza and fowlpox, to which they have no resistance.